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Crystals of some common and easy to get chemicals II

 
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Cactusdave



Joined: 09 Jun 2009
Posts: 1619
Location: Bromley, Kent, UK

PostPosted: Thu Jan 25, 2018 7:55 am    Post subject: Crystals of some common and easy to get chemicals II Reply with quote

My enthusiastic 10 year old neighbour and I recently made some more crystal slides. Easiest and perhaps most interesting was stearic acid. Stearic acid is a saturated fatty acid with an 18-carbon chain and has the IUPAC name octadecanoic acid. It is a waxy solid and its chemical formula is C17H35CO2H. Its name comes from the Greek word which means tallow.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stearic_acid

Stearic acid melts readily at low temperature (69 degrees C) and produces interesting and unusual waxy crystals when it cools. It's readily available on eBay, as its used in home made candles, soap and cosmetics and is very non toxic. The crystals produced work well with ordinary pol +/- a retarder as well as DIC +/- a retarder. Attractive pastel colours and unusual shapes are produced, which make a nice change from the more garish colours produced by many crystals with polarised light.

To produce crystals we simply placed a few milligrams of solid stearic acid on a clean slide, melted the solid on a warm heating ring, and immediately placed a coverslip on top. Crystallisation occurred immediately on removing from the heat.

Different areas on the slide produced a range of interesting shapes and use of different retarders in conjunction with polarised light and DIC (one of my favourite retarders is two layers of ordinary Sellotape on a clean slide) gave a range of more subtle colours.

Leitz X4 plan fluorite objective, polarised light with retarders.



Leitz X4 plan fluorite objective, polarised light with retarder, stitch of 11 images.



Nikon X10 Plan DIC objective, 'standard' DIC without retarders or variable compensation.



Nikon X10 Plan DIC objective, 'colour DIC' with variable compensation.



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Smokedaddy



Joined: 07 Oct 2006
Posts: 1108
Location: Phoenix, Arizona

PostPosted: Thu Jan 25, 2018 10:04 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

... beautiful.
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rjlittlefield
Site Admin


Joined: 01 Aug 2006
Posts: 19090
Location: Richland, Washington State, USA

PostPosted: Thu Jan 25, 2018 10:28 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Very nice!

Great crystals, and stearic acid sounds like a wonderful chemical for work with kids. Not only is it "non-toxic", but it's actually digestible and arguably a pretty healthy fat!

Quoting from an article in The Journal of Nutrition:
Quote:
Stearic acid is a saturated fatty acid that, in contrast to other long-chain saturated fatty acids, does not raise plasma LDL cholesterol. We recently demonstrated in a controlled feeding study designed to evaluate the effects of individual fatty acids, that compared with a carbohydrate-control diet, a diet containing 8% of energy (en%) of saturated fatty acids (lauric + myristic + palmitic) increased LDL cholesterol 5%, whereas an equivalent amount of stearic acid in the diet did not alter plasma LDL cholesterol (1).

--Rik
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Mike



Joined: 04 Aug 2006
Posts: 86
Location: Northeast Ohio

PostPosted: Thu Jan 25, 2018 10:29 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Hello Dave,

Very nice and interesting shots!

Being a fan of pol crystal shots, just ordered some from eBay.

All the best,
Mike
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mawyatt



Joined: 22 Aug 2013
Posts: 1507
Location: Clearwater

PostPosted: Thu Jan 25, 2018 1:47 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Hi Dave,

Beautiful colorful images Very Happy

Makes one want to give this a try whenever some spare time shows up!!

Thanks for posting,

Mike
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razashaikh



Joined: 14 Nov 2017
Posts: 124
Location: India

PostPosted: Thu Jan 25, 2018 9:21 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Hello Dave,

Very nice colorful shots. I was also thinking to order some.

Thanks for Sharing.

Regards,
Raza
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Sumguy01



Joined: 28 Jan 2013
Posts: 1101
Location: Ketchikan Alaska USA

PostPosted: Thu Jan 25, 2018 9:57 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Very nice.
I like #2 best.
Thanks for sharing.
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Cactusdave



Joined: 09 Jun 2009
Posts: 1619
Location: Bromley, Kent, UK

PostPosted: Fri Jan 26, 2018 9:49 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Thanks for your kind comments everyone.
Sumguy01
Quote:
I like #2 best.


I agree, sometimes with crystal slides, a larger stitch gives a better overall impression of the crystal 'landscape'. When we took the first set of images of these stearic acid slides, I wanted to give my young friend as much involvement as possible. She was able to make slides, and once I had set the microscope up for polarised light or DIC, to select areas to photograph, check the focus using 2X zoom on the monitor, and operate the shutter release. I thought collecting multiple images for stitching was over complicating things a bit. I'm sure we'll get round to it. I subsequently returned to the slides myself and collected images for a couple of stitches for completeness. Returning to crystal slides is always worthwhile as things can change with time in an interesting way, especially where crystals are exposed directly to the atmosphere without a coverslip.

Since you liked it here's another stitch from the same area on the slide. Leitz X4 plan fluorite objective, polarised light with retarder. Stitch of 9 images.



A couple more images of Stearic acid, and then I want to move on to the other easy safe chemical we tried successfully, citric acid.

Leitz X4 plan fluorite objective polarised light with retarders.




Nikon X10 Plan DIC objective, 'standard DIC', no compensator or retarder.



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Jacek



Joined: 02 Oct 2011
Posts: 4999
Location: Poland

PostPosted: Fri Jan 26, 2018 11:06 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Very nice
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Cactusdave



Joined: 09 Jun 2009
Posts: 1619
Location: Bromley, Kent, UK

PostPosted: Mon Jan 29, 2018 5:30 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Thanks Jacek.

I think stearic acid is a good choice for anyone wanting to experiment with crystals under the microscope in a safe and simple way.
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micro_pix



Joined: 11 May 2012
Posts: 141

PostPosted: Mon Jan 29, 2018 9:09 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Beautiful images.

Dave
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Cactusdave



Joined: 09 Jun 2009
Posts: 1619
Location: Bromley, Kent, UK

PostPosted: Tue Jan 30, 2018 7:33 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Thanks micro_pix. Very Happy
David
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