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Suppress DMap artifacts with editing cheat

 
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papilio



Joined: 16 Jul 2013
Posts: 243
Location: St. Paul, MN

PostPosted: Mon Dec 16, 2013 3:20 am    Post subject: Suppress DMap artifacts with editing cheat Reply with quote

Steatoda triangulosa, 2mm BL. Final image at 4X through a Canon MP-E 65mm macro, f/17.5.


148 images
Full-res image HERE


Particularly when I'm stacking tarantulas with their thickets of hairs, retouching all of the DMap artifacts mixed in with them was just too time consuming, if possible at all. I discovered a technique using my image editing software which very quickly and easily suppresses the artifacts to the point where most of them are relatively inconspicuous.

I very much prefer the DMap stacks for their softer rendering of hairs and more accurate tones and colors. The PMax stacks on the other hand tend to have thicker hairs and sometimes an overall appearance of overexposure.
So I create a stack output of each, copy the DMap image into the editing software's layers palette, then copy the PMax image above it. The PMax image is then merged down onto the DMap image using the Darken blending mode. As DMap artifacts tend to be brighter than a clean image, the darker corresponding regions of the PMax image will greatly reduce them. Conversely, the softer and slightly darker details and textures of the DMap image will dominate in the blended image. The colors of the bottom DMap image will be retained. This is all more easily done than explained. Some conventional retouching is usually required, but very little unless a more immaculate final image is desired. In order to best demonstrate the result of the technique, no retouching was done to the above image.

Shown below, at only 640px in order to more easily compare them on the monitor, are the ZS output images -- first the relatively harsh PMax, then the artifact-ridden DMap, and finally the darkened merged image. For a clearer comparison the three images may be opened in separate browser tabs using the links below, then just toggle between them.






Darkened
DMap
PMax


When slabbing a stack, I run both PMax and DMap of each slab and darken each pair. Then stack the darkened slabs, again using each approach and darkening those two a final time. This approaches the general effect of having slab-stacked the images using DMap throughout, which would ordinarily show artifacts to a ridiculous extent.


Please let me know if any of the above is unclear! I hope this method proves useful in some instances. Smile
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-- Michael


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Nikon D800E, Sigma 150mmOS Apo, Canon MP-E65, Mitutoyo Plan Apo 10X/NA0.28
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canonian



Joined: 31 Aug 2010
Posts: 890
Location: Rotterdam, Netherlands

PostPosted: Mon Dec 16, 2013 5:43 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Hi Micheal,
Nice comparison and good results.
What your examples clearly show in PMax and the 'darkened' example is the difference in OOF areas, like in the top right background, as if it was stacked deeper or stopped down at the last frames.
But that might be the characteristics of DMax (or PMax).
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Fred
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papilio



Joined: 16 Jul 2013
Posts: 243
Location: St. Paul, MN

PostPosted: Mon Dec 16, 2013 5:47 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Thanks a lot Fred!

It's hard to know what's what sometimes when combining PMax and DMap in this way. Wink IMO that's a PMax characteristic, DMap tends to have a somewhat smoother and more featureless bokeh
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-- Michael


My flickr

Nikon D800E, Sigma 150mmOS Apo, Canon MP-E65, Mitutoyo Plan Apo 10X/NA0.28


Last edited by papilio on Mon Dec 16, 2013 7:32 am; edited 2 times in total
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ChrisR
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Joined: 14 Mar 2009
Posts: 7132
Location: Near London, UK

PostPosted: Mon Dec 16, 2013 6:10 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Posted WITH permission from Michael:
Animated GIF (1.4MB)
This has some "contours" showing in the OOF areas which I believe are only there because it's a GIF which has a restricted number of colours.
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papilio



Joined: 16 Jul 2013
Posts: 243
Location: St. Paul, MN

PostPosted: Mon Dec 16, 2013 7:24 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Thanks Chris! Smile


I re-stacked the first image working with slabs this time, as outlined at the end of the first post. 20 images per slab with 5-image overlap. And I left out the bottom two slabs for a better composition.

This stacking approach maintained the sharpness of the source images more faithfully, and the detail and textures at full-res are a bit more convincing.


113 images




Just for fun, here's the blue channel image ... a Metallic Nanobot! Very Happy


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-- Michael


My flickr

Nikon D800E, Sigma 150mmOS Apo, Canon MP-E65, Mitutoyo Plan Apo 10X/NA0.28
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